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UpToDate – INTRODUCTION — Despite treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), some patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) continue to have reflux …
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To understand gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, it is first necessary to understand what causes heartburn. Most people will experience heartburn if the lining of the esophagus comes in contact with too much stomach juice for too long a period of time.
Backgrounds Achalasia and the History of Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy. Surgical myotomy has been the most reliable treatment of choice for treating esophageal achalasia since the first report by Heller in 1913. 1 Other management methods include medication, balloon dilatation, 2, 3 and botulinum toxin injection, 4, 5 which are still inconclusive …
This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists. Heart failure is a syndrome of cardiac ventricular dysfunction, where the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to meet the body’s blood flow requirements.
Peptic Esophageal Stricture. A peptic esophageal stricture (narrowing of the esophageal lumen) is one of the late complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease and occurs in 1 to 5 percent of patients who develop esophagitis (irritation and inflammation of the lining of the esophagus).
While the symptoms of GERD are disruptive, the risks of the drugs used to treat it can be more distressing. Find out how to cure GERD without medication.
Acid reflux (GERD, heartburn) can be caused by lifestyle (obesity, smoking cigarettes, etc.), medication, diet, eating habits, and other medical conditions. Read about 17 symptoms of acid reflux (GERD). Medications to treat acid reflux include proton pump inhibitors, coating agents, and promotility agents.
23.05.2019 · Patients with GERD can exhibit various symptoms, both typical and atypical. Typical symptoms include heartburn, regurgitation, and dysphagia. Atypical symptoms include noncardiac chest pain, asthma, pneumonia, hoarseness, and aspiration.
Results. MI pattern along the esophageal axis differed significantly (P < .01) among patients with GERD, EoE, and non-GERD. Patients with non-GERD had higher MI values along all measured segments.
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Reflux laryngitis is a condition caused by GERD or acid backing up into the esophagus and vocal cords. The most common symptom of reflux laryngitis is heartburn. This type of laryngitis causes inflammation of the lining of the esophagus, which causes chronic hoarseness, cough, and throat clearing, difficulty swallowing, asthma, and sinusitis.
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Cure GERD or reflux problems with simple protocols that will also benefit those who are underweight or overweight because of a digestive problem.